Small infestations should be removed manually. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/thunbergia_fragrans.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. 55, 584 pp. pubescent) when young. It has become an exotic weed in many tropical countries. Distinguishing features. Flora of the Solomon Islands. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. It is native to India and Southern Asia but widespread in the tropics including Florida Hawaii, Australia, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Caribbean and Indian Ocean islands, southern Africa and Central America. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 24:51-108. leaf and mature fruit (Photo: Land Protection, QDNRW) almost entire leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie) Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. (Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela)., Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela. Daniel TF, 2010. pubescent) when young. Space JC, Waterhouse BM, Newfield M, Bull C, 2004. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. These stems bear pairs of oppositely arranged leaves that have stalks (i.e. PIER, 2014. 4. Hancock I R, Henderson C P, 1988. Micronesica Supplement, 6:61-65. Hawaii, USA: US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Leaves 6-8 x 4-6 cm, ovate, entire, apex acute, base truncate to subcordate, 5-ribbed, scabrid; petiole 4 cm long. Daniel T F, 2001. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland. Scotland RW; Vollesen K, 2000. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). A Global Compendium of Weeds. Diversity and Distributions, 10(2):113-123. 599 pp. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Villaseñor J L, Espinosa-Garcia F J, 2004. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Invasive weedy angiosperms in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia. Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands), the Mascarenes (i.e. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. 209, Noumea, New Caledonia, South Pacific Commission. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. This shrub has small, ovate leaves with entire margins borne opposite on thin, brown stems. Wu TL, 2001. Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 80 pp. [English title not available]. 51-108. by Breedlove DE]. Wallingford, UK: CABI. var. Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka), south-eastern Asia (i.e. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. a vine or creeper with slender four-angled stems that are somewhat hairy when young. Copyright Â© 2016. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Flora Chiapas [ed. Volume 2. Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au ACANTHACEAE whitelady. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Meyer JY; Lavergne C, 2004. 10 (2), 113-123. unpaginated. Daniel TF, 2001. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. It has been widely cultivated as an ornamental and now it is cultivated and naturalized in North, Central and South America, the Caribbean and on many islands in the Indian and Pacific Ocean (see distribution table for details; Daniel, 1995, 2001, 2005; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014). Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on invasive plant species of environmental concern. How Thunbergia Grandiflora is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. Meyer J Y, Lavergne C, 2004. It is most often grown on trellises and fences, hanging baskets, and as a ground cover in gardens (Wagner et al., 1999; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014). Kew Bulletin, 55:513-589. Considering that T. fragrans spreads sexually by seeds and vegetatively by cuttings, stem fragments, and roots, the likelihood of invading and colonizing new habitats remains high. 10 (5/6), 333-347. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay).) Key words: Thunbergia, Distribution, Traditional uses, Assam INTRODUCTION Thunbergia named in 1780 by Retzius, in the honours of Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828), a Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Capsules 1-2.5 cm long, depressed-globose at the base, the upper half in the form of a beak, dehiscent in two halves; seeds 4, globose, approximately 5 mm in diameter, pubescent, with a depression at the base (Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005). Leaves opposite; blades 6.5-11 × 1.8-6 cm, ovate to lanceolate, chartaceous, the apex acute, the base truncate or subcordiform; margins undulate and ciliate; upper surface dark green, glabrous or somewhat scabrous; lower surface pale green, dull, puberulous, with prominent venation; petiole 2-3.5 cm long, slender, pubescent, sulcate, with the base somewhat dilated. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb belong to the family Acanthaceae. Space JC, Flynn T, 2002. Online Portal of India Biodiversity., http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. All plants segments and roots have to be removed in order to avoid re-sprouts. Native to the Indian Sub-continent (i.e. The genus Thunbergia is named after the Swedish botanist and explorer, Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1822). Flowering plants of Jamaica. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama. Taxon, 57(3):811-822. Blue thunbergia (Thunbergia grandiflora) is relatively similar to fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans), black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata) and the native species Thunbergia arnhemica. Online database. The flowers are about 2 cm wide and have a subtle, cream-colored center instead of the black-eyed one of the Thunbergia alata. T. fragrans is relatively similar to Thunbergia grandiflora, Thunbergia laurifolia and Thunbergia alata. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. White thunbergia is not a prohibited or restricted invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014, however everyone has a general biosecurity obligation (GBO) to take reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risks associated with invasive plants and animals under their control. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Names of Thunbergia Grandiflora in various languages of the world are also given. to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00059.x. USDA-ARS, 2014. Acanthaceae or Crossandra or Thunbergia family Light: Sun growing, Semi shade Water: Normal, Can tolerate more Primarily grown for: Flowers Flowering season: January, February, March Flower or Inflorescence color: Various colored flowers available viz., Yellow, Orange, Red Foliage color: Green Plant Height or length: Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia:939 pp. Thunbergia laurifolia is a popular ornamental plant in tropical gardens. Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during summer and autumn. Teas and medicinal Check List of Hong Kong Plants. Villaseñor JL; Espinosa-Garcia FJ, 2004. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide, T. fragrans is an herbaceous fast-growing vine widely cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, but it is also a common weed in moist disturbed areas, in particular along roadsides (. Visit our guidelines.Traditional uses of medicinal plants by native people in Nawarangpur district, Odisha, India Reference(s) Traditional uses of medicinal plants by native people in Nawarangpur district, Odisha, India by N. It is a slender vine that resembles T. alata in size and growth habit. The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 107:1-3348. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Statistics. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp. In: Technical paper No. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. In the case of T. fragrans, pollinators are unknown, but based on floral traits the species could be considered entomophilous (Starr et al., 2003). Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. In: Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 107 1-3348. 1999). In Australia, the only herbicide active registered for the control of Thunbergia species is imazapyr. The PLANTS Database. corolla lobes). Thunbergia fragrans, the whitelady is a perennial climbing twiner in the genus Thunbergia.. Distribution. Whistler WA, 2000. It is reported to be restricted to zone 10 and south. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Acanthaceae. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Wu & H.S. Thunbergia fragrans. Acanthaceae. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. var. In many places it is considered as an invasive species. Its pure white flowers distinguish it, however. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. 209. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Vine Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. Naturalised overseas in south-eastern USA (i.e. fragrans, Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb., Thunbergia hossei Clarke, Thunbergia laurifolia Lindl., Thunbergia similis Craib, Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. Flowers axillary, solitary or in pairs; pedicels pubescent, 5-7 cm long, striate; bracts green, membranaceous, ovate, pubescent, 1.6-2 cm long, covering the calyx. (Flora de Antioquia.) Description Top of page. Flowers trumpet-shaped, corolla white to about 7 cm long. Daniel T F, 2005. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP) (Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia). McDade LA; Masta SE; Moody ML; Waters E, 2000. Thunbergia is a genus of flowering plants native to tropical regions of Africa, Madagascar and southern Asia.. Its members are known by various names, including Thunbergias and Clockvine. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2005. 6 (Special Issue No. Space JC; Flynn T, 2002. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama. Leaf blades (4-12 cm long and 3-5 cm wide) are egg-shaped in outline (i.e. Brickell C; Zuk JD, 1997. In: Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin, 1 384. 1), 22-96. 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