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what is tropical rainforest

//what is tropical rainforest

what is tropical rainforest

Running parallel above and below the Equator are two more imaginary lines: the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn respectively. A tropical rainforest grows in four main layers, with different trees, flowers, and other plants in each layer. Rainforest, also spelled rain forest, luxuriant forest, generally composed of tall, broad-leaved trees and usually found in wet tropical uplands and lowlands around the Equator. They’re also home to indigenous tribes, with their own languages and cultures. They are very wet places, receiving more than 200 cm rainfall per year, either seasonally or throughout the year. The leaves channel rainwater into a pool at the center of the plant. Tropical rainforests in the world harbor an astonishing range of plant species. What makes a forest a rainforest? A rain forest is a particularly humid, thick type of forest that is typically found in the tropical regions of the world. They are primarily found within the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. Living Forests Report: Chapter 1 "Forests for a living planet", closed canopy forests growing within 28 degrees north or south of the equator. One of the most fascinating biomes on planet Earth is the tropical rainforest. In tropical regions, the sun is directly overhead at least once during the year. The large flying fox (Pteropus vampyrus) is one of the largest species of bats in … Australian tropical rainforests are home to tree kangaroos, parrots, saltwater crocodiles, cassowaries, Australian brush turkeys, Cairns bird wing butterflies and goannas. By examining the climate and characteristics of these regions, we gain a better understanding of their importance to the rest of the world and maybe we will put an end to these problems. In some rainforests it rains more than one inch nearly every day of the year! True to its name, these forests experience quite … ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. The layers are: Emergent layer. Here the temperature is high, rain falls for much of the year, and the atmosphere is humid. In this article we’ve found that a tropical rainforest is a rainforest that grows in a tropical region. Little light also reaches this layer, as it is still below the main canopy. Rainforests cover less than two percent of the Earth's surface. The next layer down is the canopy. View our Cookie Policy. A Tropical Rainforest is a hot, humid, and flourishing dense forest, usually found around the equator. For this reason, they are often known as ‘cloud forests’. Lowland tropical rainforest refers to the majority of tropical rainforest, that is, forest which grows on flat lands at elevations generally less than 3,300 feet (1,000 m)—although elevation may vary. Most rainforests receive over 2,000 mm (80 in.) Trees in montane rain forests are often shorter than those in lowland rainforests. Equatorial climate is prevalent in regions with the latitudes of at most ten degrees North and South of the equator, and the Intertropical Convergence Zone dominates these regions. Rain forest definition is - a tropical woodland with an annual rainfall of at least 100 inches (254 centimeters) and marked by lofty broad-leaved evergreen trees forming a continuous canopy —called also tropical rain forest. The two primary types of rainforests are tropical and temperate. The largest rainforest in the … Tropical rainforests receive around 100 inches (254 centimeters) of rainfall yearly, and contain tall broad-leaved evergreen trees that form a continuous canopy. The tropical rainforest can be thought of as a superorganism - a living, dynamic entity in its own right. The highest layer is the emergent layer, which is the tops of the tallest trees. Tropical rainforests are also used for the production of food, medicine, and other products. Mangrove rainforests grow in coastal regions where the land is often continuously submerged in salty water. The Tropical Rainforest is a forest occurring in tropical areas of heavy rainfall. On this page we’ll find out what a tropical rainforest is and where the world’s tropical rainforests are found. The presence of hot, humid climate enables these plant species to thrive. Flooded forests occur where the land is often flooded by freshwater, and monsoon forests have high seasonal rainfall interspersed with dry spells. Shrub Layer. Join the thousands of Active Wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science news & info direct to their inboxes! All Rights Reserved. Tropical rainforests can be found in South America (Amazon Rainforest), Africa (African Rainforest), and Southeast Asia (Southeast Asian Rainforest), Madagascar, and that's all. The richest in plant species are Amazon forests, but in general all tropical forests have an incredible variety of trees. Benefits of Rainforests. This section provides information about tropical rainforests in a format suitable for children as well as rainforest materials for educators. You can find out more about rainforest animals here: You can find out more about deforestation here: You can find out where the world’s rainforests are located here: Find out more about the world’s most famous rainforest here: You can find out more about the layers of a tropical rainforest here: You’ll find an illustrated list that includes many of the most amazing rainforest animals here: You can read more about rainforest plants here: Learn more about the animals that live in tropical rainforests: Discover the plants that grow in tropical rainforests: Find out more about rain forests – visit our main, Rainforest Animals List with Pictures and Facts, Australian Birds List with Pictures, Facts and Information, Clouded Leopard Facts For Kids & Students: Pictures, Information & Video, Animals That Start With L: List With Pictures & Facts, Desert Animals: A List Of Animals That Live In The Desert With Pictures & Facts – Plus FREE question sheet, Nine-Banded Armadillo Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, Bighorn Sheep Facts: Discover The Largest Sheep Native To North America, American Alligator Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. A tropical rainforest is a rainforest with a high rainfall that grows in a tropical region. Malaria, a common disease found in tropical rainforests, can be treated but there’s no vaccine for prevention. Copyright © 2020 ActiveWild.com. True rainforests are typically found between 10 degrees north and south of the equator (see map); they are a sub-set of the tropical forest biome that occurs roughly within the 28-degree latitudes (in the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn Tropical Rainforest Biome refers to an ecosystem composed of vast, sprawling forests. (It’s completely free, you can unsubscribe at any time, and we’ll never share your details.). Tropical rainforests, which worldwide make up one of Earth’s largest biomes (major life zones), are dominated by broad-leaved trees that form a dense upper canopy (layer of foliage) and contain a diverse array of vegetation and other life. kids.mongabay.com - helping children learn about the rainforest Mongabay is the world's most popular site about the rainforest. © 2020 WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature© 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)® “WWF” is a WWF Registered Trademark Creative Commons license. The lowest layer of the rainforest is the forest floor. The top layer or canopy contains giant trees that grow to heights of 75 m (about 250 ft) or more. Tropical rainforest layers. Rainforests are home to a vast number of animals and plants – we’ll meet some of them further down the page – and are therefore extremely important to the world’s biodiversity. Today, work continues in key areas like Peru's Manu Biosphere Reserve and the Korup National Park in Cameroon. Deforestation occurs when forested areas are permanently converted for other uses – for example, farming or mining. A third type, the tropical monsoon forest, resembles the tropical rainforest except for the timing of precipitation. It is known for its dense canopies of vegetation that form three different layers. Many rainforest products can be produced sustainably. , Australia ’ s species live in them the surface Fund ) of vast, sprawling forests in. A forest ecosystem must receive over 60 inches of rain per year to be of... Of rainfall regions which experience tropical rainforest is around the equator will be lost along with them on... Third type, the emergent layer is the world harbor an astonishing range of plant species to.! Many different species are some of the plant life in tropical latitudes, see tropical vegetation. ) the layer. 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