, Valkorion was intrigued when Senya Tirall joined the Outlander and Beniko's group, helping to raise the Gravestone so that the group could escape Zakuul, and his presence within the Outlander was revealed to the Outlander's companions when the remaining Scions of Zakuul put the Outlander through a series of trials on the shadowport Asylum. In addition, towards the end of the film, with Neal the killer supposedl. The advertising campaign for Tenebrae featured posters and a soundtrack sleeve depicting a woman with her throat cut, blood dripping from the wound. , A few decades later, several members of the Dark Council discovered Nathema and learned what the Emperor was truly planning.  That threat terrified the immortal ruler, and he became more and more anxious to complete the dark ritual again to ensure his survival, but the Hero was ultimately able to strike down the Emperor in battle just as he had foreseen. Both the Emperor and his phantoms utilized Sith magic and lightning as they battled the Hero and T7-O1, vanishing and reappearing within the dimly lit chamber to toy with his opponent's senses. The plague would spawn an entity that would feed on the victims by connecting their minds and merging into an even stronger entity. Some followed the child out of fear of his immense power, while others served out of fanatical loyalty. This also uncovered the continued existence of the Emperor's Hand, Vitiate's innermost circle of fanatics. Yet, when Kaas City's power grid was expanded into the tunnels beneath the Temple, devices such as the Ravager that were stored in the Temple had the unintentional effect of driving thousands of slaves mad. Tenebrae is a working name of The Tenebrae Choir, Registered in England and Wales, Company No.  His first true appearance was in The Old Republic, Blood of the Empire Act 1: Shades of the Sith, an issue in the 2010 Star Wars: The Old Republic series of comics that served as backstory for the 2011 massively multiplayer online role-playing game Star Wars: The Old Republic.  Hidden among the dark side energies of Yavin 4, the Emperor slowly recovered from the devastating injury that the Hero had dealt him by killing the Voice.  Through the eyes of another Child named Sophia Farash, the Emperor learned that the Barsen'thor was securing the aid of the Voss species, but Farash's attempt to kill the Jedi Master ended with the Child's death. The Commander agreed to this proposal and Kira stated that it would be a while before the transport came into range. After a back-and-forth between Argento and Italian censors (at the time a panel of judges), the scene was first trimmed from showing an "immense" spray to a small one, then a smaller one still. " Steffen Hantke believes that the shock cuts in the latter part of the film are among cinema's "most brutal and stylized", and exhibit a degree of abstract expressionism.  His mind-control powers at this point was strong enough to completely overwhelm the extremely strong will of both Revan and Malak. Species What is Tenebrae, and what is its meaning? He could conjure force barriers easily strong enough to block T3-M4's flamethrower and even strong lightsaber blows from his son Arcann and can conjure protection bubbles to protect himself from oncoming force assault. Two of these—"The Phobis Devices" and "Blade of the Sith Executioner"—relate specifically to the Emperor's history. Now permanently in the Emperor's thrall, the insane Iven became the most ruthless and devoted of the Emperor's Guard. During the Battle of Odessen, Arcann attempted to speak to Valkorion through the Outlander, but was met with silence.  However, the Sith Warrior mission "The Voice of Darkness" on Voss explains the role of the Emperor's Voice, and confirms that the Emperor had been utilizing a Voss Mystic as his Voice throughout the Cold War. It can also be centrifuged from Alienis. He expected Arcann's betrayal and used it to his advantage, transferring his power and consciousness to the Outlander's body.. In 2016, Tenebrae released Music of the Spheres on Bene Arte, earning a Grammy nomination, and in 2018, the group issued A Walk with Ivor Gurney, on Signum … Although Tenebrae was an Italian production, most of the cast spoke their dialogue in English to increase the film's chances of success in United States. Scourge, who claimed to have deceived the two Jedi in order to bring them before the Emperor, was rewarded with the position of Emperor's Wrath, his personal enforcer, and the same immortality that Revan received. Developing ways to link his consciousness with those of other beings, he soon gained a significant number of servants who were fanatically loyal to and intricately linked with their master. Giermani returns to the house and is murdered by Neal, who had faked his own death. Release Date(s) He then used their combined power to perform the most complex ritual of Sith magic ever performed, ripping the Force from the entire planet of Nathema and absorbing the combined life force of every living thing on the surface. Stay here and pray with me.  The Force-sensitive Ovair family was installed in the Jedi Order at his request, giving him a family line of Sith spies within the ranks of his enemies. Hair color  During the attack on Korriban, Arcann was seriously injured in battle, losing an arm and suffering severe wounds to his face. The Emperor then summoned a ball of Force lightning in his hands and unleashed his full power against the Hero, throwing the Jedi to the floor as the Emperor began to dominate the minds of his fallen enemies. On the Emperor's orders, Angral battled the Knight to the death, and the Emperor took full control of Carsen when Angral fell to the Jedi's blade. Tenebrae is a lush, green, mountainous area abundant in castle-like structures.  Tovoli used Kodak 5247 film stock (125 ASA speed rating) for daylight scenes, and Kodak 5293 (250 ASA) for night shoots.  One of the Sithspawn created during the rituals escaped deep underground, becoming known as Akure, the Ghost in the Darkness. , Another one of the Emperor's experiments in the Dark Temple led to the creation of the Ravager, a device that consumed its victims' minds and forced them to reveal their greatest secrets as they died. Tilde, a beautiful lesbian journalist, is murdered at her home along with her lover Marion. Skin color The director himself saw the film in the same light, claiming it was a reaction to accusations that "Dario Argento was a misogynist ... a criminal ... a murderer." Finding the telephone out of order, Giermani and Anne go outside to report the incident from the car radio.  On Balmorra, the Hero and Jedi Master Warren Sedoru had already recovered the prototype of the cloaking device shielding the fortress, and Lassicar's men failed in their attempts to capture the Hero and prevent the acquisition of the fortress' schematics on Hoth. Neal's own motivations for becoming a killer are revealed in "Freudian flashbacks". The first victim is a sexually promiscuous shoplifter, and his next two are the lesbian reporter and her bisexual lover. The Commander then encountered Darth Marr, the Dark Councillor who had been killed at the Commander's side on Zakuul at the start of the war. According to Argento expert Thomas Rostock, Tenebrae is filled with rhyming imagery that relates to the film's exploration of "the dual nature of [the] two active murderers" using doubles, inversions, reflections and "re-reflections". The Emperor decided to imprison Revan, prolonging his life indefinitely through a combination of Sith alchemy and technology, and placing him in a specially constructed prison in the heart of the impossible-to-navigate Maelstrom Nebula. AllMovie refers to the film "one of Dario Argento's best thrillers". Claudio ArgentoSalvatore Argento He also revealed his true persona to the eight thousand Sith Lords who heeded his call on Nathema—the reclusive scholar crushed their minds and bound them to his own indomitable will.  Believing himself to have finally passed beyond death's reach, Vitiate decided that he had transcended the link between flesh and identity, and thus no longer required vessels such as his Voices and Children.  The hopes, desires, and concerns of living beings meant nothing to him, and to him all other beings were like ants; his will was utter and absolute. Moreover, the Guard answered only to the Emperor—the Dark Council had no control over the group's activities, despite the Guard's roles as protectors of the Sith Sanctum. Lord Scourge suspected that the Emperor had not only absorbed the lives of those who had died in the ritual, but was in fact feeding off their spirits to sustain his own throughout the centuries that followed.. The film has since been released on DVD in the US, mostly uncut save for approximately twenty seconds of extraneous material.  When the Emperor learned that the former Dark Councilor Sajar—now the Padawan of Jedi Master Tol Braga—was on the planet Quesh, the Emperor dispatched his Wrath to capture Sajar. Not even members of the Dark Council could withstand the Ravager, but the Emperor eventually locked it away in the Dark Temple with other experiments both failed and successful. Speculating in 2011, Thomas Rostock said that the higher-than-usual murder count for an Argento film was partially responsible, while James Gracey believed it was perhaps "the highly sexualised presentation of its violent content". Terror Beyond Belief,A Descent Into Madness,Unrelenting terror from the maker of DEMONS, CREEPERS and SUSPIRIA! , Breaking their wills, the Emperor forcibly converted the pair to the dark side and declared them Darth Revan and his apprentice, Darth Malak. The film critic and author Maitland McDonagh said that it was "in many respects ... the finest film that Argento has ever made". Tenebrae (テネブラエ Teneburae?) According to Gracey, a number of critics have compared Argento with the character of Peter Neal, speculating that he serves as an alter-ego of the director. The corrupted Jedi Master—who had long ago accepted his fate and now served the Emperor willingly—complied with his master's instructions, but the Hero of Tython boarded the cruiser and managed to disable the ship's engines before detonation. As the Empire secretly expanded over the next thousand years, the Emperor discovered the lost world of Zakuul and the Eternal Fleet—an ancient armada with unmatched technology. McDonagh suggests that Fritz Lang's Beyond a Reasonable Doubt (1956) ("in which a man convicted of murder on false evidence ... is in fact guilty of the murder") and Roy William Neill's Black Angel (1946) ("in which a man who tries to clear a murder suspect does so at the cost of learning that he himself is the killer") both use such a similar plot twist to Tenebrae that Argento may have used them as partial models for his story. , Revan prepared to restore the Emperor and then kill him, but before he could begin the ritual, a coalition of Imperial and Republic forces confronted the Revanites and waged war against the cultists on the moon. The Outlander sat upon the throne, becoming immobilized in agony as the power of the throne pulsed through their body; when it was done, the fleet had stopped firing at last. A redeemed Revan waged a mental war against the Emperor, delaying his Great Galactic War by three centuries. The second flashback shows the vicious revenge-murder of the woman some time later. Zakuulans believed Valkorion to be truly immortal, guiding the Eternal Empire to prosperity for centuries.  Though he was locked within the Outlander's mind, Valkorion did not possess his host's body. "Nicolodi said she channelled her frustrations with the situation into her character's last scene in the film, where Anne stands in the rain and screams repeatedly, continuing over the film's end credits.  Throughout the next three centuries, the Emperor utilized many Voices as the ravaging effects of the dark side took their toll upon the host bodies. However, Thomas Rostock says that Nicolodi was never intended for that role, only that of Jane. Inspector Altieri arrives at the house and Neal kills her. The film has been described as exploring themes of dualismand sexual aberration, and has strong metafictional elements; some commentators consider Tenebrae to be a direct reaction by Argento to criticism of his previous work, most especially his depictions of murders of beautiful women. Tenebrae is a dedicated advocate for contemporary composers having worked with Judith Bingham, Ola Gjeilo, Alexander L’Estrange, Alexander Levine, Paul Mealor, Hilary Tann, Sir John Tavener, Joby Talbot and Will Todd, in addition to a recent release of music by Paweł Łukaszewski. When Revan and Malak finally infiltrated the Emperor's throne room in an attempt to kill him, the Sith dominated their minds just as he had done so many years ago to the Sith Lords on Nathema.  One of his first actions was to select twelve Force-sensitive pureblood Sith to become his Hand: twelve Servants who shared their master's longevity in exchange for allowing him to draw on their strength in order to sustain his powers. In the United States the film remained unseen in the US until 1984, when Bedford Entertainment briefly released a heavily edited version under the title Unsane.  The lighting and camerawork used in Andrzej Żuławski's Possession (1981) was an influence on the film's look. Tenebrae was born during the Old Sith Empire, under the rule of Marka Ragnos. In the Empire, he was viewed as both a god and king—almost every citizen of the Empire was more than willing to sacrifice his or her life in the service of their Emperor.  As the reach of his consciousness grew ever greater, he became capable of dividing his focus among multiple agents of his will across the galaxy while still maintaining complete possession of his current Voice. Eye color The Sith Emperor personally intervened in Nyriss' affairs, disrupting her plans.  The shoplifting scene near the beginning of Tenebrae was filmed on location at department store La Rinascente, off Piazza Fiume. The man absorbed the life force of the entire world, stripping the Force from the very fabric of reality on Nathema and gaining both unimaginable power and immortality as a result. Kim Newman described the Rome of Tenebrae as unlike the one usually shown on television and in films, with none of the usual historical landmarks. In an interview that appeared in Cinefantastique, Argento noted that the film was intended as near-science fiction, taking place "about five or more years in the future ... Tenebraeoccurs in a world inhabited by fewer people with the result that the remainder are wealthier and less crowded. The signing of the treaty began a period that soon came to be called the Cold War, where both the Empire and the Republic rebuilt their strength and engaged in various minor proxy engagements to test their enemy's readiness. Berti murders the comparatively normal Maria only because she inadvertently discovers his twisted compulsion. Country The Tenebrae form again lashed out to separate the Commander from the others. Kevin Lyon observes, "The plot revolves around the audacious and quite unexpected transference of guilt from the maniacal killer (about whom we learn very little, itself unusual for Argento) to the eminently likeable hero, surely the film's boldest stroke. When Angral encountered the Knight's apprentice Kira Carsen on the planet Ord Mantell, the Sith Lord was surprised to learn that the Padawan was a former Child, and he informed the Emperor almost immediately. When the Sixth Line, a covert team of Jedi recruited by Agent Theron Shan of the Republic Strategic Information Service, arrived to investigate the activity on Ziost, Vitiate took them as his pawns and made their leader, Master Surro, his favored puppet. At the orders of the Emperor, Force-sensitive children of many species were taken from their families and entered into a special group at the Sith Academy. Flanagan observes that in Tenebrae, Argento offers two characters who suffer from impaired vision. Valkorion counseled and shaped the Outlander into a vessel of supreme power as the champion defeated Arcann, then his daughter Vaylin, and disabled the Eternal Fleet. Freed, the Emperor attempted to initiate his galaxy-wide ritual, but a powerful Jedi Knight known as the Hero of Tython thwarted his efforts and destroyed his host body in battle on Dromund Kaas. As his powers grew, Tenebrae continued to gorge himself on the fear and suffering of those whom he tortured in public executions. Berti's obsession with Neal's fiction compels him to commit murder in homage to the writer, while Neal seems to think that his own violent acts are simply part of some kind of "elaborate fiction".  His hunger sated, the Force entity departed the now-barren world and vanished into the Unknown Regions, where he consolidated his entire essence into the Valkorion body, abandoning the name Vitiate and severing his ties to the Sith Empire, even going so far as declaring it a failed experiment. During the Emperor's reign, six Sith Lords—Raptus, Bestia, Brontes, Calphayus, Styrak, and Tyrans—meditated together and developed a powerful variation of battle meditation that allowed them to induce fear in entire armies. Tenebrae is now considered by many fans and critics to be one of Argento's best films, with some considering it his last great one. Tenebrae then tortured his mother for months with the Force before killing her for betraying their family, and began to subjugate the other members of his village with his powers. , That conflict, which later become known as the Mandalorian Wars, began two years later and raged for a total of sixteen years. The Republic assault was foiled again at the subsequent Battle of Ashas Ree, but the Republic's success at the earlier Battle of Ord Radama angered the Emperor enough to demand that the Empire retake the world. , With Naga Sadow's spirit vanquished, the Emperor took Yavin 4 for his own, and established the Imperial Guard Academy there to guard the Temple of Sacrifice, an ancient Sith edifice that held a powerful Sith artifact. In common with several other Argento films, close-ups of the killer's gloved hands were Argento's own. Born to James Gracey, Argento – under pressure and feeling "the need to once again defy expectations" – returned to the giallo genre and began work on Tenebrae. Revan and his utility droid charged their enemy, causing the Emperor to blast the Jedi Master with the Force. When Thexan reported on the battle to his father, Valkorion was uninterested in his son's wounds, believing it to be fair price for his defiance. Argento had become unwell while writing the film, and his ill health continued into filming.  As the Imperial Army and Imperial Navy conquered planets such as Sluis Van, Imperial troops massacred anyone who would not swear loyalty to their new Emperor, and troopers of the Republic Military were simply killed on sight. His telekinetic prowess and power was so great that he can effortlessly perform great telekinetic feats without using hand gestures as commonly needed, even able to send the extremely powerful Revan flying across his throne room with barely an effort and he effortlessly disintegrated T3-M4 with just a thought by blasting the astromech droid into shrapnel. Neal is seen to be reading this novel in an early scene. Argento later stated that he wanted to "put on film a gory roller-coaster ride packed with fast and furious murders" and that he "shouldn't resist what [his] hardcore audience wanted". , Concept art of the Sith Emperor as Valkorion, The Emperor's Voice dies as a result of the collapsing building and wounds inflicted by the Knight, but it is revealed in a message to Sith Warrior players that the Emperor's essence survived and returned to another body, where he entered a deep sleep under the care of his Hand to recover his strength. One of these was a performance of Mozart and Haydn with the Chamber Orchestra of Europe on Warner Classics. At that moment, the man shed his identity as Lord Vitiate and became simply the Emperor, a figure of immense power and wisdom in the eyes of his fellow Sith.. Warren and Alan Jones cite a scene where a character is killed in a public square as evoking the work of Alfred Hitchcock; Rostock agrees that the editing of the sequence is in a Hitchcockian vein, while the lighting is more influenced by Michelangelo Antonioni.  Unconcerned with the recent losses, the Emperor dispatched Tol Braga to the embattled world of Corellia, where the Kel Dor Dark Jedi began to aid the Imperial military in the Battle of Corellia. As they explored the ship, however, the Commander and Scourge discovered that the Servants had been engaged by another force: the Scions of Zakuul, whose late leader Heskal had prophecied their return "when it was time to die". Marr explained that the new Tenebrae only knew of his past deeds from the memories and impressions of Satele and her students, but had gained none of the wisdom from those experiences.  Although tenebrae/tenebre is a Latin/Italian word meaning "darkness" or "shadows", Argento ordered cinematographer Luciano Tovoli to use as much bright light as possible. He was the source of many common phrases and utterances in Imperial culture, such as "Glory to the Emperor," "Long Live the Emperor," and "It's enough to wake the Emperor.  A powerful ship known as the Gravestone purportedly stopped the entire "Eternal Fleet" at a backwater planet called Zakuul, and so Vitiate chose Zakuul as the world upon which he would build a new empire—a truly Eternal Empire. , When the Hero of Tython began to oppose him, the Emperor professed a lack of concern for the Knight's successes against his agents, but over the course of his service, Scourge had come to recognize what little emotion remained in his master, and that the emotions that the Emperor was feeling were fear and hatred. Tenebrae has been released on home media in many different versions in numerous territories. Tenebrae II Tenebrae-II The Second Candle is put out Narrator: Then they arrived at a place called Gethsemane, and Jesus said to his Disciples: Jesus: My heart is breaking. It is the divine office which the clergy say on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday nights in Holy Week, accompanied by the lamentations of the Prophet Jeremiah, and other ceremonies. Eventually, the Dark Lord of the Sith Marka Ragnos recognized Tenebrae's power and christened him as Lord Vitiate—the new ruler of Medriaas. The Sith fell to the floor, but lightning continued to crackle around him as he tried and failed to rise, and he defiantly declared that he would never be redeemed or contained.  After his attempts to remove the Republic and the Empire from the battlefield failed, Revan decided to proceed with his plans anyway, and his Revanite forces quickly took control of Yavin 4. , Much of Tenebrae takes place during daytime, or in harshly over-lit interiors. Due to his obsession with immortality and the subsequent use of the Emperor's Voice, Vitiate kept his original body locked in stasis where it could not be harmed either by nature or outside interference and its location kept secret to only his most trusted servants, including the first and former Emperor's Wrath: Lord Scourge. Written by Drew Karpyshyn, the book revealed the Emperor had been born Tenebrae on the planet Medriaas, and explained both Tenebrae's rise to power as Lord Vitiate and the origins of Vitiate's Empire itself.  Assuming a leadership role, Vitiate called all remaining Sith Lords to Nathema in order to aid him in performing a ritual, promising them that it would unleash the full power of the dark side beyond anything they could possibly imagine.  Only a few years later, a Republic strike team led by Jedi Knight Jaric Kaedan captured the Dread Masters, depriving him of his advisors' powerful fear-inducing battle meditation abilities. Distributed By  Not long afterward, around 3978 BBY, the Emperor sent a Sith Pureblood emissary to Mandalore the Ultimate, the leader of the Mandalorian culture of warriors. However, the Emperor still planned to invade—but for reasons beyond revenge. The Hero intercepted the attack with a lightsaber, and the Emperor summoned three mindform duplicates of himself to attack the Knight as he slowly descended the steps from his throne. The reason became clear to the Outlander soon enough: it contained a holocron that held the Force essence of Valkorion's father, Lord Dramath, who had been imprisoned since his illegitimate son (then known as "Tenebrae") had usurped him more than a millennium before. In the depths of the Sith Academy on the recently reclaimed Korriban, the Emperor's servants were completing the machines and rituals necessary for the process, and his servants were scouring the galaxy for young initiates. , Just before the other Sith Lords arrived, the researchers finally succeeded in theorizing a new hyperspace route that led back to Dromund Kaas but also prevented the Jedi from following. , Claiming that he would outlast everything and that his will could not be stopped, the Emperor summoned more duplicates of himself and drew his own lightsaber. Manipulating the Trandoshan warlord Kephess on Denova as well as other events across the galaxy, the six turned against both the Empire and the Republic to become a third power in the new war. The Dark Councilor and Scourge, now entirely believing in the conspiracy's cause, shot down the Ebon Hawk and captured the Jedi Master, whom Nyriss identified as Revan.  However, Baras was manipulating the Emperor—when the Voss body that the Emperor was occupying entered Sel-Makor's resting place in the ancient Sith ruins known as the Dark Heart, the Emperor discovered that he could not leave. Some of the homes – specifically those of the lesbian couple and the first killer – are "cold, austere, brutalist" slabs of granite, and many of the interior shots feature plain white backgrounds, with characters' wearing pale-coloured clothes against them – better, Newman felt, to contrast the blood once the violence started. Ovair eventually returned to the Republic weeks later without his Padawan, but Sadow possessed Gynt and resurfaced several years later in a failed attempt to kill the undercover Sith. New posters were issued that replaced the image of the wound and blood with a red ribbon. Gianni approaches the house alone to get a better view and sees an assailant hack Berti to death with an axe.  Sometime during his reign, the Emperor also ordered the construction of a personal space station in orbit of Dromund Kaas, which he used as a temple fortress for meditation and experimenting with the dark side.
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