Naturally, when looking for possible locations for the Israelites' crossing of the "Red Sea", many have considered the bodies of water that lie between the Gulf of Suez and Mediterranea Sea.  Tell el-Balamun was the most northerly city of Pharaonic Egypt about 29 km southwest of Damietta, located at 31.2586 North, 31.5714 East. The Crossing of the Red Sea (Hebrew: קריעת ים סוף Kriat Yam Suph – Crossing of the Red Sea or Sea of Reeds) forms an episode in the biblical narrative of The Exodus. Given the lack of evidence for the biblical account, some researchers have searched for explanations as to what may have inspired the biblical authors' narrative, or to provide evidence for a natural explanation that is so rare that the timing could be considered miraculous. the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, multiplied Sometimes as archaeologists we have to say that never happened because there is no historical evidence.". The Israelites had worked as slaves in Egypt. These verses indicate that the Israelites passed over the Red Sea throughout the night and the Egyptians gave chase in the morning. When the Israelites see the Egyptian army they are afraid, but the pillar of fire and the cloud separates the Israelites and the Egyptians. Analysis The narrative contains at least three and possibly four layers. 3. which led to the Red sea where they crossed. per adult couple. When they had crossed safely over, the water came back drowning the chasing Egyptian armies. , The theme of Moses crossing the Red Sea was taken up by the panegyrists of Constantine the Great and applied to the battle of the Milvian Bridge (312). What we can surmise is that the opening and the closing of the Red Sea happened within the time-span of one night, and thus not days. The Red Sea is about 1000 miles long and nearly 200 miles wide at its largest part. True, we do not know how many Jews there were who walked side-by-side across the Red Sea. The Red Sea surely fits that description. In the account of the exodus from Egypt we read, "Then the children , The Israelites' first journey is from Ramesses to Succoth. None of the maps in my Bibles reflect the Israelites actually crossing the Red Sea. Once they crossed the Red Sea, they entered into the Wilderness of Shur. The ordinary proportion of people fit to go to war in a general population is one in four, and 600,000 x 4 = 2,400,000. The Israelites crossed the Reed Sea (Hebrew: Yam-suf) between the Bitter Lakes and the Gulf of Suez (near bottom of photo) When Moses raised his arms and a strong easterly wind drove the waters back, the Israelites were able to walk across the shallow Sea of Reeds. But herein lies a problem. , The Hebrew term for the place of the crossing is Yam Suph. No Evidence, Archaeologists Say", "Egypt-to-Saudi Arabia Red Sea Crossing Candidates", "Tell el-Balamun: A City of the Nile Delta of Egypt", "Biblical plagues and parting of Red Sea 'caused by volcano, "No, really: There is a scientific explanation for the parting of the Red Sea in Exodus", "Dynamics of Wind Setdown at Suez and the Eastern Nile Delta", "Parting the Waters: Computer Modeling Applies Physics to Red Sea Escape Route", A collection of articles on the splitting of the Red Sea from a Jewish viewpoint, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crossing_the_Red_Sea&oldid=996920688, Pages with numeric Bible version references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 05:18. _____ Moses went before the Pharaoh and demanded that he release the Israelites from slavery. There God tells Moses to turn back and camp by the sea at Pi-HaHiroth, between Migdol and the sea, directly opposite Baal-zephon. Kenneth Kitchen and James Hoffmeier state that these reedy lakes and marshes along the isthmus of Suez are acceptable locations for yam suf. It is important to notice that the Israelites crossed the Jordan River opposite the city of Jericho. He holds all things in His hands. General scholarly opinion is that the Exodus story combines a number of traditions, one of them at the "Reed Sea" (Lake Timsah, with the Egyptians defeated when the wheels of their chariots become clogged) and another at the far deeper Red Sea, allowing the more dramatic telling of events. The Israelites walk through on the dry ground and cross the sea, followed by the Egyptian army. The Apostle Paul pointed out in 1 Corinthians 10:1-2 that the Red Sea crossing was a representation of New Testament baptism. (This song, at Exodus 15, is called the Song of the Sea). Crossing the Jordan River was a key event in Israel’s history. Assuming that the Israelite population follows modern trends, we should They left the populated areas of Egypt. , Some have claimed that the parting of the Red Sea and the Plagues of Egypt were natural events caused by a single natural disaster, a huge volcanic eruption on the Greek island of Santorini in the 16th century BC. Joshua 3-5 – The Crossing of the Jordan River and the End of Wilderness Wandering Summary Just as at the Red Sea, God parts the waters of the Jordan River for the Israelites, so that they cross over on dry ground into the land of promise. Each group may have believed the other to have been submerged in water, resulting in the Egyptians assuming the Israelites drowned and thus called off the pursuit. Egypt's Nuweiba Beach fits these criteria. join the exodus. 2. traveled a considerable distance in the wilderness. Exodus 12:37: Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children. Using the number of 600,000 men only, we can estimate that there were probably 2.5 to 3 million Israelites. It is unknown for certain why the Septuagint scholars translated Yam Suph Eruthra Thalassa or Red Sea. Moses crossing the Red Sea on dry ground is not a myth! also, and flocks and herds-a great deal of livestock" (Exodus The Israelites cross on dry land. Movies seem to portray it being rather quick. find an equal number of adult females. He conjectures that such a phenomenon could have created a land path through the Eastern Nile Delta (but not the Red Sea). and grew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them" (Exodus Bible exodus Red Sea crossing FOUND where Moses 'led Israelites into Saudi Arabia’ A BIBLICAL location where Moses parted the Red Sea to allow the Israelites to flee the Egyptian army has believed to have been uncovered crossing into Saudi Arabia. Israel had in their army no less than 600,000 men (that is, if the men were all living men)—more than all the combined armed forces of Great Britain today. He can turn around the evil … One explanation is that the Israelites and Egyptians experienced a mirage, a commonly occurring natural phenomenon in deserts (and mirages themselves may have been considered supernatural). through 1406 B.C., since this period contains month-by-month or even day-by-day detail in many cases, actually an amazing amount of detail perhaps not matched anywhere else in the Bible. Ramesses is generally identified with modern Qantir, the site of the 19th dynasty capital Per-Ramesses, and Succoth with Tell el-Maskhuta in Wadi Tumilat, the biblical Land of Goshen. men on foot, besides children. The Israelites walked on the exposed dry ground and crossed the sea, followed by the Egyptian army. Israel finally prevailed and conquered the Amalekites. The Bible details the destruction of Pharaoh’s army as walls of sea water crashed down upon them. Into the wilderness period for Israel claimed there were probably 2.5 to million... 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